Anemia occurs when you have less than the normal number of red blood cells in your blood or when the red blood cells do not have enough hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that gives the red color to your blood and is mainly responsible for carrying oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body. If you have anemia, you blood does not carry enough oxygen. Without enough oxygen, your organs and tissues cannot work as well, which can lead to fatigue, loss of energy, dizziness, and many other symptoms. This panel is designed to look at the cause of anemia.
- Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential – CBC is used to assess your general health status and to screen for, diagnose, or monitor a variety of diseases and conditions that affect blood cells, such as anemia, infection, inflammation, bleeding disorder or cancer.
- Iron and Total Iron-binding Capacity (TIBC) – Iron plays a principal role in the synthesis of red blood cells. It is necessary for the proliferation of red cells and is required for hemoglobin production. Iron is transported in the blood as transferrin. Transferrin carries 60-70% of the body’s iron. The total amount of iron bound to transferrin is referred to as TIBC. TIBC will help differentiating between different type of anemia.
- Ferritin – Ferritin is a protein produced in the liver for the storage of iron. Ferritin is a sensitive and specific test that helps diagnosing iron deficiency anemia.
- Vitamin B12 and Folate – Vitamin B12 and Folate help diagnosing central nervous system disorders, anemia and malabsorption syndromes. These two vitamins play an important role in energy level, muscle strength, and memory.
- Reticulocyte Count – Reticulocyte are immature red blood cells and are measured to evaluate the function of your bone marrow
- Hematopathology Consultation, Peripheral Smear – A blood smear is used to evaluate the different types of blood cells.