This panel looks at three components of the glycemic triad so you can have a better picture of how well you are controlling your blood sugar.
- Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) – HbA1C is the average of blood sugar for the 3 months prior to the blood test and evaluates long-term blood sugar control. Serum glucose reacts with important proteins in the body rendering them nonfunctional through a process called glycation.
- Fasting Glucose – Glucose is the primary blood sugar used by cells to make energy. o Fasting Insulin – Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas in response to eating carbohydrates. Insulin facilitates the transport of carbohydrates and sugars from the bloodstream into the cells. Insulin resistance occurs with excessive carbohydrate intake. In this case, insulin does not work optimally to drive glucose into the cells and tissues. When cells become resistant to insulin’s effects, the pancreas pumps out greater amounts of insulin in an attempt to force the glucose into the cells.